The population of daughters (female) per thousand men in Bihar has gone up to 1090. Bihar has left behind developed and neighboring states in the sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) due to continuous implementation of various schemes at the ground level including women empowerment schemes run by the state government. In Bihar, many schemes are being operated on various subjects including the birth, education, employment, security of the girl child.
According to the data of National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-5, developed states have 966 per thousand males in Maharashtra, 965 in Gujarat, 1045 in Andhra Pradesh, 1027 in Goa, 1049 in Telangana, 1088 in Tamil Nadu, which is less than Bihar. At the same time, in neighboring states, the number of females per thousand males is 1017 in Uttar Pradesh, 1050 in Jharkhand, 1049 in West Bengal, 970 in Madhya Pradesh and 1063 in Odisha. However, there are 1187 females per thousand males in Lakshadweep, 1121 in Kerala and 1112 females in Puducherry.
Impact of incentive schemes for women
In Bihar, the incentive schemes of the state government have made a huge impact in increasing the number of women. Due to the strictness of fetal screening, it has become difficult to determine the sex of the fetus. At the same time, due to Kanya Vivah Yojana, major obstacles regarding the marriage of girl child have been removed. Under this financial assistance is being given to two girls of BPL family.
Under the Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojna, Rs. 25 thousand is being paid to unmarried girl students who have passed Inter and Rs. 50 thousand to all the girl students of graduation. At the same time, girl child dress scheme, girl cycle scheme, sanitary napkin distribution scheme have been implemented to increase the attendance of girl students in schools and encourage them towards education. Along with this, plus two (inter level) schools have been established in every panchayat of the state for the education of girl students.
Women got 50 percent reservation in panchayat and municipal bodies
50 percent reservation has been given in Panchayats and Municipal bodies to develop leadership skills among women and bring them into the mainstream. At the same time, 35 percent reservation has been given to women in government jobs in the state. Special Women Police Force, Mahila Battalion has been formed for women’s security.
Formation of helpline in all the districts of the state to take prompt action in case of domestic violence and harassment against women, formation of women police stations in all districts etc. have been proved.